Analysis of Data from Malaria Surveillance, Health Region of East-Central Burkina Faso, From 2006 to 2009.

Background: Malaria is a global emergency that affects mostly poor women and children in the developing world. Malaria related-illnesses and mortality, cost Africa’s economy alone USD 12 billion annually. Faced with this situation, Burkina Faso implemented various policies of the WHO in the fight against malaria. This study would like to see the outcome of the implementation of control strategies, and the trend of malaria in the region of east-central Burkina Faso.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted. All data on malaria from 2006-2009 in Central-East health Region has been reviewed and analyzed. The socio-demographic, clinical and laboratory data were described. The software MS/Excel and Epi-Info 3.5.1 used for graph and statistical analysis. Confidence interval was taken at the 95%.

Results: Out of 1.2 million suspected cases of uncomplicated malaria recorded, 53% were children under five years of age, and the sex ratio was M/F: 0.89. Severe malaria represented 91,352 cases with 55% of children. The malaria incidence rate was increasing from 189 per 1000 inhabitants to 331 per 1000 inhabitants. We noted higher death 79% (408/498) among children. All deaths occurred due to anemia and a lack of blood for transfusion. The laboratory confirmation of cases did not exceed 1% (1722/1266075). The average monthly impact curve showed peaks between August and October.

Conclusion: Despite Burkina Faso‘s strategies against malaria, its still the leading cause of illness and death with a negative impact on children under 5 years. It is necessary to review the implementation of strategies to improve the treatment of patients, to reduce the lethality among children and strengthen the laboratory diagnosis. 

Year: 
2010
Author (s): 

D. YELBEOGO; E. KANYALA ; Y. NDJAKANI; B. SAWADOGO, P. NITIEMA, L. OUEDRAOGO; L. SANGARE; Z. TARNAGDA; M. SAWADOGO,

Presenter (s): 
OUEDRAGO
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