Mini-Grant Congenital Anomalies: Characterization of the Congenital Anomalies in Embera-Chami from Riosucio, Caldas

Author (s): 

Eduardo Lozano and Lorena Vargas

GENERAL OBJECTIVE

Characterize the congenital anomalies of the population born between 2007 and 2012 of the Embera-Chamí community resident in Riosucio

METHODS

Design: Retrospective descriptive study, aimed at identifying newborns with congenital anomalies between 2007 and 2012

Population: Clinical histories of the children with congenital anomalies born in Riosucio between 2007-2012, based on the lists of the native organizations.

Inclusion criteria: Indigenous individuals with a congenital anomaly, born between 2007 to 2012

Tools: The data collection tool used was the form of the Colombian National Institute of Health developed for congenital anomalies

Data collection: We convened a group of stakeholders from institutions and health care providers within Riosucio and Manizales

SUMMARY RESULTS

-The diagnostic in congenital anomalies was low in the first year of life in all the native regions studied, probably because this region doesn’t have surveillance for this condition.

-We found the rate in congenital anomalies in the native region to be above Columbia’s average.

-The osteomuscular system and the genital urinary systems were the systems with the most anomalies.

CONCLUSIONS

-A prevalence rate of congenital anomalies in the indigenous population of the Embera-Chami of Riosucio, Caldas, (37 X 1,000), is higher than average for the population.

-A similar prevalence rate of congenital anomalies in all four indigenous reservations of Riosucio, Caldas, except in the Reservation of La Montaña, that was higher in 2009

-The most common congenital anomalies in our study were the congenital anomalies found in the osteomuscular system.

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