STATE OF GLOBE: MITIGATING MEASLES MENACE IN ERA OF MMR/V

ABSTRACT
In non vaccination ancient era, multiple epidemics of measles/german measles/variola used to occur in the
cyclical trend of two to three years during spring months. Outbreaks in Faroe Islands in 1846 and in Fizi
Island in 1875 are examples of this type of transmission where virgin epidemics took the highest mortality toll.
According to WHO report, in the absence of immunization, 90% of the persons can be expected to develop
clinical measles sometimes in their life time as noted in Greenland in 1951 epidemic and german measles in
2012 in Kangra. But the epidemiology of communicable diseases underwent tremendous change not only in
the developed countries, viz America and European countries but also in the developing countries like India,
Pakistan and African countries with the introduction of vaccination and thereby mortality and morbidity on
account of vaccine preventable diseases in all the age groups around the world nose dived. This provided a
big relief to the suffering humanity across the world. Different countries have various sets of immunization
programme running in the countries; be it single dose of measles at the age of 270 days or second shot of
measles or other vaccinations. Round the globe, MMR or MMRV or pentavalent vaccination with their pluses
or minuses, still is the right choice to mitigate the menace of measles.
KEY WORDS: Measles menace, Non vaccination-era, Kopliks spot, second shot measles, MMR/V, Kangra

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