Utility of Brazilian Hospital Information System as a tool for monitoring morbidity by traffic accident in Brazil, 2002-2011

Author (s): 

Camila Alves Bahia

Objectives:

  • A study about the morbidity due to traffic accidents in Brazil is needed:
  • Due the magnitude of the traffic accidents
  • Information about traffic accidents can be found in various sources
  • Other previous studies only evaluate mortality

Conclusions:

  • Among the traffic accidents, the road traffic accidents were responsible for the most number of hospitalizations in the period
  • There was an increase in the number of admissions where the cause of hospitalizations were non-specific traffic accidents
  • Among the road traffic accidents, those where the victim is a motorcyclist presented higher proportions, with an increase over the years
  •  Most hospitalizations by road traffic accidents occurred among male individuals
  • Most part of the individuals hospitalized due to road traffic accidents left the hospital after discharge
  • We don’t know if the number of deaths is under or overestimated because we didn’t link the data to the data of the information system of mortality.
  • Dataset was found to be: simple, flexible, good data quality, good acceptability, and useful.

Recommendations:

  • Reinforce the need to fill up the variable race/color and ethnicity
  • Increase the use of the system for epidemiological studies of road traffic accidents
  • Disseminate the system among the offices and institutions that work and research road traffic accidents
  • Encourage the use of the SIH by municipal and state levels in order to recognize the magnitude of the problem and implement prevention 
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