descriptive epidemiology

Botulism in the Republic of Georgia

Analysis by time, place, and person of botulism surveillance data from Republic of Georgia, 1980 – 2002.

 

Objectives:

  • After completing this case study, the participant should be able to:
  • Describe the key principles of public health surveillance,
  • Analyze surveillance data by time, place, and person,
  • Interpret surveillance data,
  • Discuss the uses of surveillance.
Investigation: 
Other
Country: 
Georgia
Year: 
2007
Author (s): 

Richard Dicker, Naile Malakmadze, Colleen Shane, and Eric Guenther

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Salmonella in the Caribbean

Focus on laboratory-based surveillance of Salmonella in Trinidad and Tobago in 1998–1999, leading to a case-control study of risk factors for salmonellosis, and to control measures.

 

Objectives:

Investigation: 
Other
Country: 
Trinidad and Tobago
Year: 
2004
Author (s): 

Jeanette Stehr-Green

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Surveillance for E. coli O157:H7-- Information for Action

Focuses on whether E. coli O157:H7 should be added to Oregon's reportable disease list, and the difficulties in dealing with an outbreak apparently linked to raw milk, 1993.

 

Objectives:

Investigation: 
Other
Country: 
United States
Year: 
1994
Author (s): 

Julie Crom and Richard Dicker

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A Mixed Bag in Michigan ("PBBs in Michigan")

Based on the exposure of farm animals to feed contaminated with polybrominated biphenyl in 1973, and the subsequent concerns about human health.

 

Objectives:

  • Describe the role of each government agency involved in a contaminated food situation;
  • Discuss different options for studying the human health effects following an environmental exposure;
  • Calculate sample size requirements for a community survey;
  • Discuss the reasons for and limitations of a registry following an environmental exposure.
Investigation: 
Other
Country: 
United States
Year: 
1981
Author (s): 

Clark Heath

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An Epidemic Disease in South Carolina

Based on Goldberger's studies of pellagra in the Southeastern United States in the 1910s; uses descriptive epidemiology and biologic categories of disease; presented as an unidentified illness (no clinical info) to focus thinking on epidemiologic features.  Good as either introductory (descriptive epi) or wrap-up (epidemiologic reasoning) exercise.

Objectives: 

• Apply the principles of descriptive epidemiology (time, place, person) in the investigation of a disease outbreak;

Investigation: 
Outbreak
Country: 
United States
Year: 
1947
Author (s): 

Alex Langmuir

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Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Deaths Attributed to Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 in Vietnam

Background: In response to a pandemic, it is critical to identify those developing severe illness, i.e. high risk groups, to whom limited pharmaceutical interventions (drugs and vaccine) should be targeted. We describe epidemiological and clinical characteristics of confirmed fatal cases of pandemic influenza A/H1N1/09 reported in Vietnam from August 2009 through March 2010.

Year: 
2009
Author (s): 

Tinh T. Phan1,2, L. Phan1,2, K. Nguyen1,2, N. Tran Minh2 1General Department of Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Health, Vietnam 2Vietnam Field Epidemiology Training Program

Presenter (s): 
Dr. Tinh Phan
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