E. Coli

A Multistate Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infection

Based on two outbreak investigations undertaken in Michigan and Virginia in 1997, eventually linked to consumption of alfalfa sprouts.

Objectives: 

Investigation: 
Outbreak
Country: 
United States
Year: 
2002
Author (s): 

Jeanette Stehr-Green

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Crab meat: A new vehicle for Escherichia coli O157 identified during an outbreak in UK, 2011

Background: Since 08/05/2011, the Health Protection Unit, South West England, was notified about six cases of infections with Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157 phage type (PT) 21/28 verotoxin (VT) 2 linked to Plymouth. From 08/11/2011 onwards we investigated to identify the source of the outbreak and prevent further spread.

Year: 
2011
Author (s): 
Petra Matulkova1,2, M. Gobin2, F. Oshin2, G. Thould2, C. O'Connor3, I. Oliver2 (1European Programme for Intervention Epidemiology Training (EPIET), European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Sweden, 2Health Protection Agency South West,

 

Presenter (s): 
Petra Matulkova
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Conference: 
EIS International Night 2012

No Fair Warning: An Outbreak Following the 1999 Washington County Fair

Large outbreak of both E. coli and Campylobacter traced to unregulated fairground water supply, 1999; another straightforward outbreak investigation.

 

Objectives: 

  • List the reasons to investigate an outbreak;
  • List and discuss each step in the investigation of an outbreak;
  • Describe the features of an appropriate case definition; and
  • Construct an epidemic curve.
Investigation: 
Outbreak
Country: 
United States
Year: 
2000
Author (s): 

Richard Dicker

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Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern of Urinary Tract Infections in a Regional Hospital, Koforidua, Ghana, 2005-2008

Background: Worldwide, about 150 million people are diagnosed with Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) each year and constitute a great proportion of antibiotic prescription. The extensive use of antimicrobial agents has invariably resulted in the development of antibiotic resistance, which, in recent years, has become a major problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to establish the main organisms causing UTIs in the catchment area of the regional hospital and to ascertain the extent of resistance of the causal organisms to commonly prescribed antibiotics.

Year: 
2008
Author (s): 

Joyce Der1, 2, B. Amanya2, F. Dzata2, C. Obuohunwo1, O. Apori2

Presenter (s): 
Der

A mixed Outbreak of Cholera & E.coli in Sanjauli area of Shimla Municipal Corporation, Himachal Pradesh, India, July 2010

Background: Diarrhoeal diseases cause 4% of deaths globally & 5% in India. In Himachal Pradesh, diarrhoeal outbreaks occur in rainy season due to contamination of water sources. On 13th July 2010 medical college Shimla reported increase in diarrhoea cases from Sanjauli, Shimla. We investigated to identify the cause, possible exposures and implement control measures.

Year: 
2009
Author (s): 

Rajesh Guleri, V. Ramachandran , V Mehta, RK Sood. Field Epidemiology Training Programme, National Institute of Epidemiology, R-127, 3rd Avenue, Tamil Nadu Housing Board, Ayappakam, Chennai-600077, India.

Presenter (s): 
Dr. Rajesh Guleri

Nosocomial Escherichia coli outbreak in the Neonatal Unit of Hospital Dr. Juan Manuel Glvez, Honduras, March-May 2008

Background: Globally five million infants die each year, 32% due to infections, the percentage in Honduras is similar. In March 2008, there was an Escherichia coli outbreak among neonates in the Neonatal Unit (NU), Hospital Dr. Juan Manuel Glvez. In the first phase of this outbreak investigation, we confirmed as well as identified the causal agent. There were 61 cases (attack rate 27/100 discharges, lethality 1.6%). The objective of this second phase was to determine the risk factors associated with infection and implement measures prevention and control.

Year: 
2007
Author (s): 

Guillen, Doris

Presenter (s): 
Dr o Dra. Doris Guillen
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