measles

Molecular Epidemiology of Measles in India, 2005–2010

Author (s): 

Niteen Wairagkar,1 Deepika Chowdhury,1 Sunil Vaidya,1 Sarika Sikchi,1 Naseem Shaikh,1 Laxman Hungund,1
R. S. Tomar,1 D. Biswas,2 K. Yadav,2 J. Mahanta,2 V. N. R. Das,3 Prasanna Yergolkar,4 P. Gunasekaran,5 D. Raja,5 R. Jadi,1 Nalini Ramamurty,6 A. C. Mishra,1 and MeaslesNetIndia collaborators

 

1WHO Regional Measles Reference Laboratory, National Institute of Virology, Pune; 2Regional Medical Research Center, Dibrugarh; 3Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna; 4WHO National Measles Laboratory, Bangalore Field Unit of National Institute of Virology, Pune; 5WHO National Reference Laboratory for Measles and Rubella, King Institute of Preventive Medicine, Chennai; and 6World Health Organization-South East Asia Region Office, New Delhi, India

Abstract:

 

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Two Highly Immunized Hilly Areas versus Double Measles Outbreak Investigations in District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India, in 2006

Author (s): 

Surender N Gupta, Naveen Gupta

ABSTRACT

Background: We investigated two sequential outbreaks of measles in seven villages of Kangra, to confirm the diagnosis and
to formulate recommendations for prevention and control.

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Factors precipitating outbreaks of measles in district Kangra of North India: A case-control study

Author (s): 

Surender Nikhil Gupta, Ramachandran Vidya1, Naveen Gupta2, Mohan D Gupte1

MAE-FETP Graduate from National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE), Chennai; presently at Regional Health and Family Welfare Training
Centre, Chheb, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, 1FETP Faculty at NIE, Chennai, 2Freelance Researcher in Epidemiology, Kangra, India

Abstract

Background: Globally, measles is the fi fth killer disease among children under fi ve years of age. Despite high immunization
coverage in Himachal, outbreaks are occurring. Upon two outbreaks in a hilly district in North India, a case control study
was conducted to identify factors contributing to outbreaks and to recommend remedial measures to prevent further
outbreaks.

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The Heterogeneity of Measles Epidemiology in India: Implications for Improving Control Measures

Author (s): 

Manoj V. Murhekar, Yvan J. Hutin, Ramachandran Ramakrishnan, Vidya Ramachandran, Asit K. Biswas, Prasun K. Das,
Surender N. Gupta, Dipankar Maji, Harish Chandra Singh Martolia, Armugam Mohan, and Mohan D. Gupte

Abstract

Background. Measles vaccination coverage varies in India. Trainees of the Field Epidemiology Training
Programme (FETP) investigated 8 outbreaks from 2004 through 2006 in Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Tamil
Nadu, and West Bengal. We reviewed these outbreaks to contribute to the description of the epidemiology of
measles and propose recommendations for control.

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Help seeking behavior of mothers of children with and without measles in Shahpur block of district Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India, 2008

Author (s): 

Surender Nikhil Gupta1*, Naveen Gupta**

ABSTRACT
Background: Measles is rightly called as captain of killer team in India. In Himachal Pradesh,
despite high immunization coverage, the outbreaks are occurring. Based upon two outbreaks, we
conducted a qualitative comparative study to describe the help seeking behavior of mothers of
children with measles and to recommend appropriate remedial measures to prevent further outbreaks.

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Cluster of Measles Cases among Malnourished Maasai Children, Monduli District, Arusha, Tanzania 2011

Background: On 12 August 2011, the Tanzania Ministry of Health and Social Welfare received a report of a cluster of suspected measles patients from Monduli district. A total of 104 measles cases with 5 deaths (CFR= 4.8%) were reported. Case patients presented with fever, body rashes, diarrhoea and cough.

Year: 
2011
Author (s): 
Remidius Kakulu, R. Andrew, M. Mohamed, J. Mghamba, A. Simba, Z. Ngware, S. Sembuche, P. Mmbuji

 

Presenter (s): 
Remidius Kakulu
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Conference: 
EIS International Night 2012

Investigation of a Measles Outbreak and Appraisal of Measles Elimination Indicators – Qasseem Region, Saudi Arabia, 2011

Background: The Saudi Arabia Measles Elimination Program (MEP) is committed to success by the end of 2015. In early 2011, a Measles outbreak was reported from the Buraidah sector of Qasseem region. An FETP team investigated the outbreak to identify risk factors and make recommendations to improve the MEP.

Year: 
2011
Author (s): 
Ibraheem Mohammed Ali Al-Nahellah, S.H.S. Al-Busaidi, F.M.A. Mashragi, A.J. Choudhry, M.N. Abdalla

 

Presenter (s): 
Ibraheem Mohammed Ali Al-Nahellah
Conference: 
EIS International Night 2012

A Measles Outbreak in a Highly Vaccinated Population (“Measles in Burundi”)

An outbreak of measles occurred in health sector Muyinga (Burundi), several years into an apparently successful vaccination program.  This case study addresses estimation of vaccine coverage and vaccine efficacy in the field.

 

Objectives:

  • Discuss methods for estimating vaccination coverage;
  • Describe the difference between a convenience sample and a probability sample;
  • Describe the sampling method used in WHO-EPI surveys; and
  • Calculate and interpret vaccine efficacy.
Investigation: 
Outbreak
Country: 
Burundi
Year: 
1991
Author (s): 

Robert Chen, Bernard Morniere and Richard Dicker

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Epidemic Measles in a Divided City ("Texarkana")

Measles outbreak in a community on the border of two states — the Arkansas side with required school immunization and high immunization rates, the Texas side without required immunization and low immunized rates, 1970.

Objectives

•    Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using a sensitive and/or specific case definition in an epidemic investigation;

•    Calculate vaccine efficacy and discuss its interpretation; and

Investigation: 
Outbreak
Country: 
United States
Year: 
1971
Author (s): 

 Philip Landrigan, Lyle Conrad and John Witte

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Measles Outbreak in Kigali Prison Controlled-Rwanda, 2010

Background: Measles is a highly infectious disease. In prison settings it can spread rapidly. In September 2010, health-workers in Kigali Prison’s Clinic in Rwanda reported a suspected outbreak of measles among prisoners. We investigated to confirm the diagnosis, establish the occurrence of an outbreak, identify the strain of measles virus involved and recommend control measures.

Year: 
2010
Author (s): 

: Karema Corine, , T. Nyatanyi, M. Muhimpundu, J. Nyamusore, M. Gatera, F. Ngabo, S. Antara

Presenter (s): 
Karema
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