Nigeria

Factors Associated with Interruption of Treatment among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Plateau State – Nigeria, 2011

Introduction: Nigeria has one of the highest tuberculosis (TB) burdens in the world (311/100,000), and the largest in Africa. Multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) is an emerging threat for TB control in Nigeria, caused mainly by incomplete treatment.

Year: 
2011
Author (s): 
Patrick Nguku, Henry Akpan, Suleiman H. Idris

 

Presenter (s): 
Luka Ibrahim
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Conference: 
EIS International Night 2012

Assessment of Public awareness for Guinea Worm Disease Reporting - Nigeria, 2010

Background: Nigeria eliminated Guinea worm disease (GWD), a debilitating disease earmarked for eradication by the World Health Organization in 2008. Criteria for certification for GWD eradication include adequate general public awareness for GWD reporting. Nigeria’s target of 80% population being knowledgeable about GWD reporting including cash reward for reporting is not achieved. Studies from 2009 and 2010 reported 43% and 41% GWD public awareness in Nigeria, respectively. Nationwide social mobilization and awareness activities were conducted and intensified using radio jingles in three States. We assessed the impact of the intensified activities with jingles on general public awareness for GWD reporting. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010 using pre-tested, structured questionnaires to collect data on knowledge about the disease, reporting and cash reward. Study population was 2,400 residents from six States using multi-stage random sampling. In three States radio jingles were aired (jingle+) whereas no intensified activities took place in others (jingle-). Level of awareness was assessed and compared between the jingle+ and jingle- States. Chi squared test was used to compare categorical variables. Results: In jingle+ States 54.9% of the respondents (654 of 1191) saw and heard of GWD compared to 23.6% in jingle– States (283/1199, p<0.001). Significantly more respondents in jingle+ States could describe GWD correctly (69.0% versus 48.1%, p<0.001). Description of correct procedures for case reporting was higher in jingle+ States (52.8% versus 17.0%, p<0.001). However, only 24.9% and 6.7% of respondents heard of cash reward in jingle+ and jingle- States, respectively. Conclusions: Awareness creation activities, using radio jingles contributed to increased public awareness for GWD reporting. Using radio jingles should be scaled up nationwide to complement GWD surveillance.

Year: 
2009
Author (s): 

Ifeoma N. Anagbogu, C. Ityonzughul, P. Nguku

Presenter (s): 
Anagbogu
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Survey of Overweight, Obesity and Hypertension among Workers in Federal Ministry of Health Abuja − Nigeria, 2010

Introduction: Overweight and obesity are emerging public health threats in developing countries. They are important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. In 2008 it was estimated that 16.1% and 6% of Nigerian women aged 15 – 49 years were overweight and obese. We assessed the prevalence of overweight and obesity among workers in the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) to determine their association with age, sex and hypertension.

Year: 
2009
Author (s): 

Luka M. Ibrahim, P. Nguku, S. H. Idris, M. I. Anibueze

Presenter (s): 
Ibrahim
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